Thursday, 3 December 2009

daifuku mochi , recipe and method

Being gluten free as well as unable to eat fat limits the sweet treats that I can indulge in.  Whilst this is wonderfully healthy, I do crave the occasional sugary bite.  I was entranced by these soft pillowy chewy treats called daifuku mochi when I first saw them and I was delighted to discover that they are naturally gluten free.
I have found them in long life packs at our local Oriental ingredients store and whilst they taste delicious and are immediate, but that hasn't stopped me wanting to try to make them for myself.
Handling the dough is a joy to anyone used to baking gluten free.  The warm translucent paste is stretchy and pliable in a way that most gluten free doughs never are.  Stretching and pressing gently will allow you to create a thin sheet of dough which can then be cut to form the sweets, though I was very tempted to roll it up and start again, just for fun!
These daifuku are filled with anko, which is a thick sweetened puree of aduki beans.  The teen loves them filled with sweetened peanut butter paste but my favourite is a thick spicy squash or pumpkin puree.   I didn't have any pumpkin around, so went for the more traditional filling of aduki beans.

This recipe makes 12-15 sweets.  Making the sweets themselves took about 1 hour from beginning to washing up (using pre-cooked bean paste).  The sweets can be stored covered for 24 hours before serving or frozen, so they could be made in advance to serve as desserts or sweets.  I had wanted to take photos of the method but the whole process is both dusty and sticky that action photos were not possible, sorry!

Anko (sweet red pean paste)
  • 175g aduki beans
  • 85g white sugar
  • 1/2 tsp salt
    1. put the aduki beans in 1.5L of cold water and bring to the boil.
    2. let boil at a rolling boil for 10 minutes, then take off the heat.
    3. put a lid on the pan, and set aside for 6-8 hours or overnight.
    4. drain the beans and return to the pan with 1.5L fresh water
    5. bring to the boil again and turn down to a simmer
    6. continue to cook, topping up with boiling water as necessary.
    7. cook the beans until soft for 45 mins to 1 hour
    8. drain the beans thoroughly, rinse the pan then put the beans back in
    9. add 175g sugar (or more to taste) and 1 tsp salt
    10. return pan to the heat and stir to dissolve sugar and salt
    11. mash beans: you can do this using a potato masher, a stick blender or a food processor
    12. if you want very smooth puree, you can sieve the mashed beans to remove the skins (I didn't)
      1. set aside to let the puree cool whilst you make the daifuku dough

      Daifuku dough
      • 100g glutinous rice flour
      • 50g white sugar
      • 165ml water
      1. line a lipped baking tray with baking parchment and dust thickly with corn or potato starch
      2. sieve the glutinous rice flour into a rice cooker or saucepan
      3. stir in 50g sugar then pour on the water, stirring continuously
      4. stir thoroughly to ensure there are no lumps
      5. turn the rice cooker on or set the pan over a low heat for 10 minutes
      6. allow the mixture to cook, stirring once or twice until it is thick and sticky (you may find you need to add a little more water to ensue the paste cooks to a translucent mass without a hint of powder remaining). 
      7. scrape up the hot paste - it will look like a lump of gluey mashed potato, and completely un-usable, but don't worry, it's fine!
      8. tip the hot paste out onto the lined baking tray
      9. dust your hands and the top of the dough with more starch
      10. press the dough out using your fingers / knuckles to create an even sheet about 4-5mm thick, this takes a little while but isn't that much different from pressing out a wheat dough for a pizza base.
      11. when you have created an even(ish) layer, cut out one piece at a time using a knife, pastry cutter or glass 6-7cm wide.  If you use a knife and cut triangles you will have no wastage at all, otherwise there will be some trimmings.
      12. place 1 tsp of cold bean paste in the centre of  the cut dough
      13. bring opposite sticky edges of the dough together and squeeze to seal, then squeeze all the seals together to create a join underneath,
      14. dust the bottom of the sweet with a little more starch to seal
      15. set each sweet in turn on serving plate
      16. if you are left with some trimmings from the dough, you can re-roll and make some more.  you will have to knead the dough a bit harder to bring it all together before you can press it out again and cut into pieces.  these last few daifuku mochi will have thicker sken and be a bit chewier - I actually preferred these to the rest I made!
          When you are clearing up, don't throw away the starch, pass it through a clean sieve to remove any pieces of dough then store for future use.  And finally, don't throw any pieces of dough down the sink as it will solidify as it dries and block the drain.  Put your utensils to soak then scrape the wet dough off into the bin instead.


          1. Well I have never seen these before! They look very intriguing I can't imagine what texture they have nor what they taste like. I will be keeping my eye out for these so that I can try them and the intrigue satiated. Thanks for these.

          2. ooooh...I love daifuku mochi. I love the very soft skin. Thanks for sharing how to make it. It looks simple.

          3. Mary, you are right - they are easy as long as you prepare in advance. I think that with a bit of experience you could make the skin softer by adding a bit more water. I started with a slightly chewy dough as it is a lot easier to handle when you are a beginner like me!
            theordinarycook - as Mary says, these are soft and slightly chewy, a bit like marshmallow but not so sweet. you can change the filling if the sweet bean paste doesn't appeal to you. my daughter loves a sweetened peanut butter mix (3 pts peanut butter to 1 pt agave nectar). you can find them in most oriental stores, quite often they are packed individually & frozen

          4. I love daifuku. I also have one on my blog and I'm going to sell it this coming holiday. :D

          5. Never heard of this before, interesting.

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          8. Love this recipe! Thanks for sharing.

            I've been looking for mochi recipes, I've been wanting to make up my own with some ingredients I have lying around that I recently used for dango, so this is very helpful! ^^

          9. They're called azuki beans, not aduki. Its pronounced "ahz-kee"